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  • UPPER AND LOWER BOUND SOLUTIONS FOR THE FACE STABILITY …

    Solutions are available for the case of a circular tunnel in purely cohesive ground, but very little is known of the face stability of a tunnel driven in sandy soils. This paper approaches this latter problem from the point of view of limit analysis. Both safety against face collapse and blow-out are considered.

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  • Stability of Excavations in Underground Stations of Lines

    excavation faces and critical structures was implemented during excavations to confirm design assumptions and control ground risk. Figure 7. Combination of retaining wall and nailing for soil support above vertical excavation in massive breccia. the stability of the concrete was of concern. Cavity types and approach to remediation in excavations

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  • JCB JS 175 W wheel excavator for sale Ukraine Kiev, TQ11826

    JCB JS 175 W wheel excavator sale advertisement from Ukraine. Mobile excavator. Price: $66,990. Year of manufacture: 2008. Running hours: 8461 h

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  • Key techniques and risk management for the application of

    Jan 01, 2014 · The forepoling pipe was installed prior to the excavation to improve the stability of the excavation face and the soil properties in the front of the tunnel face. The related parameters of the forepoling pipe used in this project are presented in Figure 11: [phi]32 mm with a thickness of 3.25 mm and a length of 1.8 m.

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  • The stabilization of the excavation face of a shallow

    New Construction Technology of a Shallow Tunnel in Boulder

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  • CATERPILLAR M322C wheel excavator for sale Ukraine Kiev

    CATERPILLAR M322C wheel excavator sale advertisement from Ukraine. Mobile excavator. Price: €54,700. Year of manufacture: 2006. Running hours: 9232 h

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  • Study of the stability of tunnel construction based on

    Jan 01, 2014 · Given the tunnel construction with a large section in weak stratum, the multi-heading step construction methods are often employed such as cross diaphragm (CRD) method, double-side drift method, and three-bench seven-step excavation method. 6,7 In the tunnel construction of weak surrounding rock, based on the shield method, Liu et al. 8 studied

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  • Face stabilization of deep tunnels using longitudinal

    Full-face excavation of a tunnel is currently preferred, even in poor rock masses and in difficult conditions. In this way, it is possible to take full advantage of the potentiality of the machines and large size plants. The problem of face stability, however, is fundamental for the stability of …

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  • Symmetry | Free Full-Text | Analysis of Instability Mode

    Dec 12, 2020 · The stability analysis of the tunnel face is not only essential for guaranteeing the safe construction of urban shallow tunnels, but also directly affecting the influence degree of tunnel construction on nearby structures. The primary concerns in the stability analysis of the tunnel face are the instability mode of surrounding rocks and the limit support pressure on the tunnel face.

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  • The stability of shallow tunnels and underground openings

    A basic engineering decision to be made in designing a tunnel in soft clay is whether or not the tunnel can be excavated without internal support. The safety of constructing a shallow heading in soft clay can be assessed in terms of the fluid support pressure which may be required to maintain stability. This can be estimated by means of the lower and upper bound theorems of plasticity. The

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  • 3D Numerical Investigation of Face Stability in Tunnels

    Jun 24, 2021 · A large set of three-dimensional (3D) numerical analyses were performed, using the commercial Finite Element Code Simulia Abaqus, for the excavation of shallow (H/D = 2.5 to 5) and deep tunnels (H/D = 10 to 20) with unsupported face and a wide range of ground properties and tunnel depths.

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  • New Construction Technology of a Shallow Tunnel in Boulder

    Mar 21, 2020 · Construction of three steps and seven parts excavation method. (1) Shallow excavation method with a depth of 13 m. (2) Reserved deformation of 50 mm, 0.5 m per foot. (3) CD excavation, the ground settlement is less than 10 mm, the settlement in the tunnel is less than 5 mm, and the convergence is less than 10 mm.

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  • Prediction of Face Stability in Unsupported Tunnels using

    The stability of the tunnel face is a critical issue for successful tunnel construction. Numerous researches and available experience from the construction under difficult geotechnical conditions have pointed out the importance of the deformation of the advance core [4] and have tried to approach the issue of face stability via FE analyses

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  • SHALLOW TUNNELS IN COHESIONLESS SOIL: STABILITY OF TUNNEL FACE

    shallow tunnels in cohesionless soil: stability of tunnel face More and more tunnels are being excavated to solve urban traffic and cable channeling problems. Many tunneling technologies exist; however, designers are facing increasingly difficult environmental constraints.

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  • Stability of Tunnel Face Reinforced by Bolts under Seepage

    Nov 17, 2021 · This paper proposed a calculation method for bolts reinforcement of tunnel face under the seepage condition. The existence of seepage in tunnel engineering may greatly reduce the stability of tunnel face, and bolts reinforcement technology is widely used in traditional tunnel engineering. In this paper, a 3D rotational failure mechanism is proposed by the kinematics method combined with the

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  • Study on the Face Stability of a Metro Tunnel in a Silty

    The horizontal displacement of the soil at the face of the subway tunnel is symmetrically distributed along the central axis of the tunnel, which is larger in the middle and smaller at both sides. The displacement is related to the size of the excavation face. If the excavation area is too great, the horizontal displacement of the tunnel face will be too large, easily leading to tunnel face

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  • JCB JS 130 v Lizing wheel excavator for sale Ukraine Kiev

    JCB JS 130 v Lizing wheel excavator sale advertisement from Ukraine. Mobile excavator. Price: $42,500. Year of manufacture: 2005

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  • Discussion: Face stabilisation of shallow tunnels using

    The stability of the excavation face of shallow tunnels excavated in difficult ground conditions is currently a relevant problem in the sector for tunnelling and mining. Even though face

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  • Assessing Face Stability Conditions for Shallow Tunnels in

    May 04, 2016 · Assessing Face Stability Conditions for Shallow Tunnels in Soft Face stability is a key factor for shallow tunnels excavated through challenging and difficult ground conditions and in many cases under severe environmental constraints. Tunnel face The excavation of a tunnel induces ground deformations and causes changes in the stress

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  • NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF SHALLOW TUNNELS IN SOFT …

    portant problem for shallow tunnels excavated in soft soils, where expensive remedial measures such as compensation grouting or structural underpinning must be considered prior to construction. Ground movements arise from chang-es in soil stresses around the tunnel face and the over-excavation of the final tunnel cavity, often referred to as

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